India National Cricket Team (BCCI)-The India national cricket team, also known as Team India or the Men in Blue, represents India in international cricket. They are governed by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) and hold full membership in the International Cricket Council (ICC), allowing them to participate in Test matches, One Day Internationals (ODIs), and Twenty20 Internationals (T20Is).
Cricket was introduced to colonial India by European elites, and the first cricket club was established in Calcutta (now Kolkata) in 1792. However, it took India about 150 years to play their first Test match, which occurred on June 25, 1932, at Lord’s. With this match, India became the sixth team to gain Test status.
India National Cricket Team (BCCI)
- 1 India National Cricket Team (BCCI)
- 2 History
- 3 Achievements Under MS Dhoni
- 4 IND Team Colours-
- 5 Governing Body
- 6 Sponsorship-
- 7 Captains Of Indian Cricket Team History
- 8 Conclusion
- 9 FAQs
In the early years after attaining Test status, Team India struggled and won only 35 out of 196 Test matches. It took them nearly two decades to secure their first Test victory, which came in 1952. However, the team’s fortunes turned around in the 1970s. Players like Sunil Gavaskar, Kapil Dev, Erapalli Prasanna, Srinivas Venkataraghavan, Bhagwat Chandrasekhar, and Bishen Singh Bedi brought India newfound success. They started winning series and defeated strong teams like England and West Indies, establishing India’s credibility as a competitive cricketing nation.
The most significant turning point came in the 1983 World Cup final when India achieved a remarkable victory over the mighty West Indies. This win solidified India’s status as a cricketing powerhouse. To date, India has won two 50-over World Cups, the first in 1983 under the captaincy of Kapil Dev and the second in 2011 under the captaincy of Mahendra Singh Dhoni. The 2011 victory made India the third team, after West Indies and Australia, to win the World Cup more than once and the first team to win it on home soil. India also won the ICC World Twenty20 in 2007 and the ICC Champions Trophy in 2013, both under the captaincy of MS Dhoni.
India National Cricket Team Overview
|Team Name||India National Cricket Team|
|Nickname(s)||Team India, Men in Blue|
|Governing Body||Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI)|
|International Cricket Council (ICC) Membership||Full Member|
|Test Status||Granted on June 25, 1932|
|First Test Match||Played on June 25, 1932 at Lord’s|
|Total Test Matches Played||570|
|Test Match Record||Won: 172, Lost: 176, Drawn: 221, Tied: 1|
|First ODI Match||Played on July 13, 1974 against England|
|ODI Record||Won: 539, Lost: 438, Tie/No Result: 52|
|First T20I Match||Played on December 1, 2006 against South Africa|
|Total T20Is Played||199|
|T20I Record||Won: 127, Lost: 63, Tie/No Result: 9|
|World Cup Titles||2 (1983, 2011)|
|ICC World Twenty20 Titles||1 (2007)|
|ICC Champions Trophy Titles||1 (2013)|
Cricket was introduced to India by the British in the early 1700s, and the first recorded cricket match took place in 1721. The Oriental Cricket Club, formed by the Parsi community in Bombay, became the first Indian cricket club. Initially, the Europeans were hesitant to play with Indians, but they eventually invited the Parsis to a match in 1877.
By 1912, the Parsis, Sikhs, Hindus, and Muslims of Bombay started an annual quadrangular tournament with the Europeans. Players like Ranjitsinhji and KS Duleepsinhji gained recognition from the British and even have prestigious tournaments named after them, such as the Ranji Trophy and the Duleep Trophy.
In 1911, the Indian team embarked on their first official tour of the British Isles. However, they returned to India without playing against the national team, only facing county sides during the tour.
Test Match Status
India embarked on their Test cricket journey in 1932, captained by CK Nayudu, a renowned batsman of the time. Their first match against England at Lord’s ended in a 158-run defeat. The following year, India played their first Test series against England, losing 2-0. India faced challenges in the 1930s and 1940s, and their progress was halted during World War II when they didn’t play any Tests. In late 1947, they played their first series as an independent nation against Sir Donald Bradman’s Invincibles, suffering a 4-0 loss.
After 23 Tests, India secured their first Test victory in 1952 against England in Madras (now Chennai). Later that year, they won their first Test series by defeating arch-rivals Pakistan. India continued to improve, winning series against New Zealand in 1956. However, they faced crushing defeats against England and Australia. England registered a 5-0 clean sweep in a five-match series in 1959. In the 1960s, India performed well at home, winning their first Test series against England in 1961-62 and their first series outside the subcontinent against New Zealand in 1967-68.
The 1970s witnessed India’s success, thanks to their formidable spin quartet – Bishen Bedi, E.A.S. Prasanna, BS Chandrasekhar, and Srinivas Venkataraghavan. Sunil Gavaskar and Gundappa Viswanath further strengthened the team. India achieved historic back-to-back series wins in 1971 in the West Indies and in England, with Gavaskar amassing 774 runs against the West Indies. In the limited-overs format, India initially struggled but excelled in Tests. They set a record chase of 403 against the West Indies in 1976 and scored 524 for 9 against New Zealand in 1976 without an individual century.
The emergence of players like Mohammed Azharuddin, Dilip Vengsarkar, Kapil Dev, and Ravi Shastri added depth to the team. India’s biggest achievement came in 1983 when they won the Cricket World Cup, defeating two-time champions West Indies. They also won the Asia Cup in 1984 and the World Championship of Cricket in 1985. However, India faced challenges outside their subcontinent. Their last Test series win outside the subcontinent until 2005 occurred in 1986 against England. Individual players like Gavaskar and Kapil Dev achieved significant milestones, with Gavaskar becoming the first to reach 10,000 Test runs and Kapil Dev becoming the highest Test wicket-taker.
In the 1990s, players like Sachin Tendulkar, Anil Kumble, Sourav Ganguly, and Rahul Dravid joined the team. However, India’s fortunes didn’t improve much. They struggled in Tests outside the subcontinent, winning none out of 33 matches, while performing better at home. In the 1996 World Cup, India faced a semifinal loss to Sri Lanka, resulting in protests across the nation. Ganguly and Dravid made their Test debuts that year, with both players later captaining the team. Tendulkar took up captaincy but faced personal and team form slumps. Ganguly took over as captain, and India witnessed a resurgence with a home Test series win over Australia.
In the 1999 World Cup, India failed to reach the semifinals, leading to Tendulkar’s return as captain. However, India struggled against Australia and South Africa, prompting Tendulkar to resign. Ganguly then assumed leadership.
In the early 2000s, John Wright became India’s first overseas coach, leading a young and talented team. Their series win against Australia in 2001 showed promise. Under Sourav Ganguly’s captaincy, India achieved success in Tests against Zimbabwe, Sri Lanka, West Indies, and England. They also won an ODI series in England with a record chase of 325. In 2002, India shared the ICC Champions Trophy with Sri Lanka and reached the final of the 2003 Cricket World Cup.
During the 2003-04 season, India drew a Test series in Australia, won Test and ODI series in Pakistan, but their form declined later in the year. They lost a Test series against Australia at home and faced defeats against Pakistan. Greg Chappell took over as coach, replacing Wright, but controversies arose, including a fallout with Ganguly. Rahul Dravid became the captain, and the team’s performance improved.
Players like Mahendra Singh Dhoni, Suresh Raina, Yuvraj Singh, and Irfan Pathan made significant contributions. India reached second place in the ICC ODI rankings and set a world record of 17 consecutive ODI victories while chasing. However, they struggled with a 4-1 loss in the Caribbean. In Tests, India secured their first series victory in the Caribbean since 1971. They faced difficulties in the 2006 Champions Trophy and were defeated in South Africa.
In December 2006, India won their first-ever Twenty20 international in South Africa. They entered the 2007 Cricket World Cup as favorites but suffered a disappointing early exit after losing to Bangladesh and Sri Lanka.
Achievements Under MS Dhoni
Under the leadership of MS Dhoni, the Indian cricket team experienced great success. Here are some key highlights of the team’s achievements during his captaincy:
1. ICC T20 World Cup 2007: India won the inaugural ICC T20 World Cup in South Africa. Dhoni led a young team to victory, defeating Pakistan in a thrilling final.
2. ICC Cricket World Cup 2011: India lifted the prestigious ICC Cricket World Cup after a gap of 28 years. Dhoni played a match-winning innings in the final against Sri Lanka and secured India’s victory.
3. ICC Champions Trophy 2013: India emerged as champions in the ICC Champions Trophy held in England. Dhoni’s calm captaincy and crucial contributions with the bat were instrumental in India’s success.
4. Number 1 Test Ranking: Under Dhoni’s captaincy, the Indian team reached the top spot in the ICC Test rankings for the first time in 2009. They held the position for a significant period, showcasing their dominance in the longer format of the game.
5. IPL Success: Dhoni captained the Chennai Super Kings (CSK) in the Indian Premier League (IPL) and led them to multiple titles. CSK became one of the most successful franchises in the IPL during Dhoni’s tenure.
6. Overseas Test Wins: Dhoni’s captaincy saw India achieving notable Test victories overseas. They won Test series in New Zealand (2009), West Indies (2011), and England (2014) under his leadership.
7. ODI Series Wins: India clinched several ODI series victories under Dhoni’s captaincy, including wins against Australia in Australia (2008), England in England (2011), and Sri Lanka in Sri Lanka (2012).
Dhoni’s leadership style, calm demeanor, and ability to make astute decisions in pressure situations played a significant role in India’s success during his tenure as captain.
IND Team Colours-
First-class teams around the world typically wear white jerseys. In Indian cricket, fielders wear a dark blue cap or a white wide-brimmed sun hat with the BCCI logo in the center. Helmets are also dark blue in color.
In T20Is and ODIs, the India national cricket team wears a blue-colored jersey. The current official team sponsor is OPPO, and their logo is present on the central part of the jersey as well as the sleeve of the players’ leading arms.
Since the introduction of colored jerseys in cricket, India has chosen blue as their primary color. The secondary color has changed over the years, with yellow and orange being dominant. From the 1979 World Series Cup onwards, teams were required to wear primary and secondary colors on their uniforms. India opted for light blue as their primary color and yellow as their secondary color.
The jersey design has undergone significant changes over time, but the primary blue color has remained consistent. For the 1992 World Cup, the team’s colors were changed to navy blue by the kit manufacturer ISC. In the 1996 World Cup, a light shade of blue with yellow as the secondary color and a strip with 10 different colors representing different nations was used. The 1999 World Cup saw a lighter shade of blue and dominant yellow in the uniform, manufactured by ASICS.
In 2005, Nike became the kit manufacturer and designed new jerseys for the 2007 World Cup. The team wore the lightest shade of blue to date, with golden yellow as the secondary color. A tricolor accent was implemented on the right side of the jersey. In 2009, the color was changed to a darker feroza blue, with orange replacing yellow as the secondary color.
Since the introduction of separate kits for T20s and ODIs, Nike released the first T20 kit in 2016, but the primary color remained the same. In 2017, the team wore a new ODI jersey with a similar shade of blue for the body and a darker shade of blue for the sleeves. The tricolor accent made a comeback as a single thin strip on either side of the upper chest.
The Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) is responsible for managing the Indian cricket team as well as domestic teams. It was established in 1929 and is considered one of the richest sporting organizations globally. The BCCI takes care of various aspects, including the team’s sponsorships, future tours, and team selection.
The current sponsor of the Indian cricket team is Dream11. They signed a three-year deal with the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) in 2023. Previously, the Indian cricket team was sponsored by OPPO. They entered into a five-year sponsorship agreement with the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) in 2017. Prior to OPPO, the team was sponsored by Star India from 2014 to 2017, Sahara India Pariwar from 2002 to 2013, and ITC Limited (with Wills and ITC Hotels brands) from 1993 to 2002.
Nike, a global apparel giant, is the current kit sponsor for the Indian team until 2020. They acquired the rights from BCCI in 2005. Paytm has been the sponsor for all matches played by the team within India since 2015 until 2019.
The official broadcaster for all matches the Indian team plays in India until 2023 is the Star Sports Network. They hold the broadcasting rights for these matches.
Here is a list showing the Kit Sponsorship history:
|Period||Kit manufacturer||Shirt sponsor|
|2023 – till||None||Dream11|
India has several renowned cricket stadiums, mostly managed by state associations. The Bombay Gymkhana holds the distinction of hosting the first full-scale cricket match in India between the Parsis and Europeans in 1877. It also hosted the first-ever Test match in India in 1933. The Feroz Shah Kotla stadium in Delhi hosted the first Test after India’s independence in 1948.
Among these stadiums, the iconic Eden Gardens in Kolkata has hosted the highest number of Test matches in India. With a capacity that makes it the second-largest cricket stadium in the world, Eden Gardens has witnessed numerous memorable and controversial matches. Feroz Shah Kotla in Delhi is another historic stadium, established in 1883, and it holds significance as the venue where Anil Kumble took all ten wickets in an innings against Pakistan.
|List of Cricket Stadiums in India|
|Dr. Y.S Rajasekhara Reddy ACA- VDCA Cricket Stadium||Vishakapatnam||Andhra Pradesh|
|YS Raja Reddy Stadium||Kadapa||Andhra Pradesh|
|Indira Gandhi Stadium||Vijayawada||Andhra Pradesh|
|Indira Priyadarshini Stadium||Vishakapatnam||Andhra Pradesh|
|Rajiv Gandhi International Stadium||Hyderabad||Telangana|
|DrBhupenHazarika Cricket Stadium||Guwahati||Assam|
|Moin-ul – Haq Stadium||Patna||Bihar|
|ArunJaitelystadium(Feroz shah Kotla)||Delhi||New Delhi|
|HPCA Stadium||Dharamsala||Himachal Pradesh|
|Eden Gardens||Kolkatta||West Bengal|
|M. A Chidambaram Stadium||Chennai||Tamil Nadu|
|Bombay Gymkhana Ground Mumbai||South Mumbai||Maharashtra|
|Khanderi Cricket Stadium (SaurashtraCricket
|Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium||Pune||Maharashtra|
|Holkar stadium (Maharani Usharaje Trust Cricket Ground)||Indore||Madhya Pradesh|
|Barkatullah Khan Stadium||Jodhpur||Rajasthan|
|CL Sport Complex||Vadodara||Gujarat|
|Maulana Azad Stadium||Jammu||Jammu & Kashmir|
|Roopsingh Stadium||Gwalior||Madhya Pradesh|
|Narendra Modi Stadium||Karnavati(Ahmedabad)||Gujarat|
|DY Patil Stadium||Navi Mumbai||Maharashtra|
|Veer SurendraSai Stadium||Sambalpur||Odisha|
|East Coast Railway Stadium||Bhubaneswar||Odisha|
|DhruvPandove Cricket Stadium||Patiala||Punjab|
|G.M.C Balayogi Athletic Stadium||Hyderabad||Telangana|
|Green Park Stadium||Kanpur||Uttar Pradesh|
|K.D Singh Babu Stadium||Lucknow||Uttar Pradesh|
|Dr. Akhilesh Das Stadium||Lucknow||Uttar Pradesh|
|Eklavya Sports Stadium||Agra||Uttar Pradesh|
|Greater Noida Cricket Stadium||Greater Noida||Uttar Pradesh|
|Rajiv Gandhi International Cricket Stadium||Dehradun||Uttarakhand|
|Maharaja Bir Bikram College Stadium||Agartala||Tripura|
|Vidarbha Cricket Association Stadium||Nagpur||Maharashtra|
|Guru Gobind Singh Stadium||Nanded||Maharashtra|
|Narendra Modi stadium Largest cricket stadium in the world||Ahmedabad||Gujarat|
Captains Of Indian Cricket Team History