Board Games



Paramapadham (Thayam) is Snakes and Ladders in
English; it was created in ancient India before 1892.
It is also known as Parama Pada Sopanam means
Steps to the Highest Place (where Parama Pada
means highest place and Sopanam means steps).
Paramapadham was inspired by religion; and was
believed to be symbolic of a man's attempt to reach
God. The ladders represent virtues and the snakes
represent vices. The snakes carry names linking them
to stories from our epics.


Things Required:

  • Paramapadam Board or any Snake and Ladder Board

  • Dice

  • Markers (Game Pieces)

How to play: 


  • Parama Pada Sopanam board and the dice used to play will be
    available in shops around Permual temple’s during vaikunda
    yekadesi as people used to play Parama Padam on vaikunda
    yekadesi day as they will not sleep on that day. Or you can even
    download by clicking here

  • Game Pieces may be anything like Seeds, Coins, Shells, etc the
    only requirement is each has to be different to identify which
    belongs to the respective player

  • Players place their game pieces on the space on the board labeled
    "0" and can start only when they get 1 (Thayam) when they roll the
    dice. The dice is rolled in clockwise direction or may also decide by
    all the players rolling the dice and the one who get the largest
    resulting number will take the first turn.

  • The first player rolls the dice and mark off the number rolled starting
    on the "1" spot on the board. All players take turns rolling the dice
    and moving their markers.

  • If the marker reaches the number which has bottom of the ladder he
    climbs the ladder and go to the top of the ladder and continue from
    there, and If the marker reaches the number which has the face of
    the snake then he needs to go down to the box where it has its tail
    and continue from there.

  • A player gets an extra turn if he gets 1, 5, 6 while rolling but he
    needs to move the marker each time he rolls the dice as he needs
    to follow the ladder or snake for each turn. If the player gets three
    ‘6’ in a row while rolling he must return to ‘0’ that is the beginning of
    the board and should not move until he roll’s another 6 on his turn.

  • In some boards there will be directions written on the boxes For example, if it says "go back three spaces" Follow the directions and go back 3 boxes.

The winner of the game is the one who first reaches the "100" box on the board.

Thayam (2).jpg