Kabaddi, How to Play Kabaddi? Rules, Players & Equipment

Welcome to Our sports blog! Today, we’re going to talk about Kabaddi – a sport that has been gaining popularity in recent years. Kabaddi is a contact team sport that originated in ancient India and is now played in several countries, including India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Iran.

Everything you need to know about Kabaddi

Kabaddi is a well-known contact sport in Southern Asia with its roots tracing back to Ancient India. It is played extensively across India and holds the status of the official game in several states such as Punjab, Tamil Nadu, Bihar, Telangana and Maharashtra. Outside of India, Kabaddi is popular in regions such as Iran, where it is played widely, as well as Bangladesh, where it is the national game, and Nepal, where it is taught in all state schools. Kabaddi has also gained popularity in other parts of the world where there are Indian and Pakistani communities, such as in the United Kingdom, where it is governed by the England Kabaddi Federation UK.


India boasts many regional variations of the game, including Sanjeevani, Gaminee, Punjabi and Amar versions, each with their own interpretations of the game and its rules. There are also similar games to Kabaddi found in both India and other countries that are closely related to Kabaddi, such as Hadudu in Bangladesh, Baibalaa in the Maldives, and Hututu in Maharashtra. The International Kabaddi Federation is the governing body for Kabaddi and is responsible for overseeing the game and its rules worldwide. It consists of over 30 national associations.

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Object of the Game

In Kabaddi, each team tries to score more points than the other team. To score, a player from the attacking team (raider) must touch an opponent and return to their own half without getting caught. The defending team tries to stop the raider by tackling them or preventing them from returning to their own half.


Scoring in Kabaddi is simple – teams get one point for each opponent they put out of the game. This is done when the raider touches opposition members or when defenders prevent the raider from returning to their own half. Bonus points are also available – raiders can earn an extra point by touching the bonus line, and teams get three bonus points when all opponents are out. A point is also awarded if any part of an opposing team member’s body goes outside the boundary.

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Winning the Game

At the end of a Kabaddi match, the team with the highest number of points wins. In the event of a tie, the game is declared a draw.

How to Play Kabaddi?

The objective of Kabaddi is for a player, known as a raider, to enter the opponent’s half of the court, tag one or more players, and return to their half of the court without being tackled. The raider must chant “kabaddi” continuously while in the opponent’s half of the court.

The opposing team, known as the defenders, must try to stop the raider from returning to their half of the court. They can do this by tackling the raider before they can return, or by forcing the raider to step out of bounds.

Once a player is tackled or steps out of bounds, they are out of the game until the next round. The game continues until all the players on one team have been eliminated, or a predetermined time limit has been reached.

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Rules of Kabaddi

Kabaddi has several rules that players must follow to ensure fair play. Here are some of the key rules of Kabaddi:

  1. The playing area: The court is divided into two halves, and each team defends one half while trying to score points in the opponent’s half. The court is 13 meters by 10 meters, with a midline that divides the court into two halves.
  2. The raider’s chant: The raider must chant “kabaddi” continuously while in the opponent’s half of the court. If they stop chanting, they will be declared out.
  3. Tackling: The defenders can tackle the raider below the shoulders and above the waist. They can use their arms, but not their legs, to tackle the raider.
  4. Stepping out of bounds: If a player steps out of bounds, they are declared out of the game until the next round.
  5. Scoring points: A point is awarded to the raider’s team for each defender they tag and successfully return to their half of the court. If the raider is tackled or steps out of bounds, the defending team scores a point.

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Players and Equipment

Each team has seven players on the court, with five substitute players on the bench. The players are divided into three categories: raiders, defenders, and all-rounders. Raiders are responsible for scoring points, defenders try to stop the raider, and all-rounders play both positions.

Kabaddi requires minimal equipment – just a playing court, a referee, and a whistle. Players typically wear shorts and t-shirts or jerseys and may wear knee pads and ankle supports for protection.

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Kabaddi is a thrilling and exciting sport that requires quick reflexes, agility, and teamwork. With its rich history and growing popularity, Kabaddi is becoming a prominent sport globally. Now that you know how to play Kabaddi and its rules, it’s time to get out there and try it for yourself!

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